Republican President Abraham Lincoln delivered one of the most eloquent speeches in U.S. history at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery on November 19, 1863. The Battle of Gettysburg was the battle that turned the tide during the American Civil War. This three-day battle was among the bloodiest in American history. Lincoln’s words will forever resound throughout history as perhaps the greatest tribute to Americans who “gave the last full measure of devotion,” so that all people might live free. Reflect on the following words of our most noble president – words that apply just as much today to our fallen heroes as they did 159 years ago.
Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives, that that nation might live.
It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract.
The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.
It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.